Temples of Omsk

The first temple of Omsk was a small wooden church in a name of Sergiy Radonejskiy, erected at the centre of the First Fortress of Omsk. At the same time it was one of first fortress constructions. In 1718 family of Tyumen foremen casted bells for it, an d in 1755 the church was surrounded with a wooden fencing with octahedral belfry at a corner.
In a middle of 18 c. in Omsk settlement Ilinskaya church was constructed. In 1759 it had been transferred on the left coast and put at the walls of an old fortress on a hillock about Spasskie gates (nowadays Lenin square). In 1768 construction of the Second Omsk Fortress began. The first stone structure of it was the military Voskresenskiy cathedral ( it was opposite to a building of guardhouse ). In 1764 the commander of the Siberian corps I.I.Sh pringer has addressed to mitropolit of Tobolsk and Siberia Pavel with the request for the sanction of building of a new temple in a name of God's Resuscitaition. The blessing was received, but erecting of the church had begun only after the plan of a new fortress was confirmed in 1769. The talented Tobolsk architects - I. and K. Chereoanovy took part in erection of the temple. The construction of cathedral was completed by 1773. The temple was an original structure. As soon as its basic building and eat ing-room made a single unit, it rather reminded a building of civil architecture. 
 Three-storeyed cathedral belfry with octahedral tent and dome dominated above surrounding area. The thickness of walls of cathedral reached 1.65 m.  The means for its structure were given by military-engineering department. In 1906 at a cathedral the asylum for children of the orphans of the bottom grades, killed in the Russian-Japanese war w as established and also a library from 1875 volumes. The relics - gifts of Ecatherina II to a cathedral - were kept in a temple. After erection of a new temple the wooden church of Sergiy Radonejskiy, existing in an old fortress, was disassembled and tra nsported in village Gornokulachinskoe. In 1778 under the initiative of the commander of Siberian corps N.G.Ogarev near the wooden Ilinskay church construction of a new temple began. The stone Proroko-Ilinskaya church had 2 belfries and 4 thrones: the ma in - in a name of the St. Prophet Iliya ( was consecrated in 1789 ); in the western part - in a name of Svyatitel and Chudotvorez Nicolay ( was consecrated in 1785 ); in the northern part - in a name of Pokrov Presvyatoy Bogorodici ( was constructed by a merchant G.D.Kuzmin ) and in the southern part - in a name of St. Velikomuchennika Georgiy ( was constructed on means of merchant G.I.Terehova). Since 1893 in the top floor of one of church houses the church school was established, in which 60 children were trained. Under the St.Sinod decree in church on 1900 there were 3 priests, 1 deacon and 2 psalmists. The architectural decision of a temple which had no analogues in territory of Siberia was very interesting. In registration of church the transitive elements from borocco to classicism were used. The space-planning was unusial too. In Proroko-Ilinskaya church there were especially respected icons of Abalazcaya God's Mother, St. Velikomucheniza Paraskeva and St. Velikomuchenik Panteleimon. As soon as Voskresenskiy cathedral and Proroko-Ilinskaya church did not contain all religious people, in 1868 there was a question on expansion of Voskresenskiy cathedral. In 1885 the committee for the tax of means was founded, which work proceeded some years. The decision on construction of a new temple was accepted later.
 In engineering management of Omsk district the project of a cathedral was made, and in 1891 its construction began. At July 16 of that year the first stone of a builded temple was placed by the future king Nicolay II. Later it appeared, that the developed project required huge means, therefore in S.-Peterburg th e new project by architect E.F.Virrih was developed. K.A.Leshevich was apointed as the builder of Uspenskiy cathedral and the Novgorod foremen took part in its structure. In 1898 9 bells had been lifted and 3 thrones had been consecrated: the main - in a name of Uspenie of God's Mother, from the southern part - in a name of Mirlikiiskiy Chudotvorez St.Nicolay and from northern part - in a name of St. Ravnoopostolnaya Maria Magdalina. In 1838-40 Êàçà÷üÿ Íèêîëüñêàÿ church was constructed for Siberian Kaza k corps, in which the old relic - the banner of Ermak was kept. In 1865 in Omsk the Krestovozdvijenskaya church was built. The means for its construction were given by Omsk merchant G.P.Andreev; he was also the main work chief. The technical supervising over construction was carried out by the Omsk architect E.I.Ezet. In September 22 of 1870 the main throne was consecrated. The consecration of 2-nd throne in honour of God's Mother was held on February 12 1896. There were more than 45 various temples in Omsk before October revolution: orthodox churches and chapels, other cult structures. At the end of 19 - beginning of 20 c. in Omsk the orthodox churches were constructed: Svyato-Troizkaya - at railroad station of "Omsk", it was built on means of fund of the Emperor Alexander III A nd Committee on construction of Transsibirskaya highway, Paraskeevskaya - was constructed on means of merchantress Paraskeva Shkroeva etc. There was church for Lutherans, constructed in 1792 in territory of the Second Omsk fortress (nowadays museum of Om sk militia). In 1829 for the Mussulmans the mosque was erected. In 1862 on means of the exiled Poles the Polish Roman-Catholic church was built. There were available 2 synagogues for Jews. After the revolution the majority of temples was destroyed and th eir estate was plundered. In 30 - 50 of 20 c. Ilinskaya church, Voskresenskiy and Uspenskiy cathedrals, and other temples had been blown up. The bells were taken off for needs of industrialization, the brick was used for construction of civil buildings. From other churches the crosses and bells were removed, and these churches were adapted under cultural establishments. At the end of 80-th - beginning of 90-th of 20 c. many of kept temples were transferred to the religioners.